Imagine this: you are working on your laptop or playing games and it just shuts down randomly but not because of overheating. Well, if you are facing this problem then you are not the only one. Many people face issues when their laptop shuts down randomly. It can affect their workflow or just disturb the user experience in general. Generally, it happens with the older laptops but it can happen on new ones as well.
In this guide, We will show you some ways to fix if a laptop shuts down randomly. There are a lot of reasons for it so let’s understand and fix this issue.
Why Does it Happen?
If your laptop shuts down randomly but not due to overheating then there can be a number of reasons for it. Here are some of the top culprits for this issue:
- Antivirus Software: Some people have also claimed that after installing a third-party antivirus on their computer, they have started facing this issue.
- Malware Infestation: If your computer has been infected with a virus or malware then it can shut down randomly.
- Startup Issues: If you or someone else has accidentally changed some startup setting then this problem can occur.
- Graphics Card Drivers: Many people have also reported that graphics card drivers can cause this issue while doing graphic extensive work on a laptop.
- Battery: Old laptops with old batteries can shut down randomly without any warning.
- Old BIOS: In some cases, having old BIOS firmware can also cause this issue.
- Shortcircuit in any Component: If a component on your laptop is burnt or doesn’t work properly then it can cause your laptop to shut down randomly.
Fix if Laptop Shuts Down Randomly But Not Overheating
Now that we know what can be the possible reasons for any laptop to shut down randomly, we can simply start by eliminating all the causes one by one. The very first thing that you should check is the overheating issue.
Make sure that you keep your laptop in a properly ventilated area. If it gets overheated after doing extensive work, just save your progress and then let it cool for a while. If overheating is not your problem then here are some of the other fixes that you can try:
Clean Your Laptop
You will be shocked to see how much dust and dirt can accumulate inside a laptop if you use it for a while. This dust and dirt and cause a lot of performance issues for your laptop. Just open your laptop and wipe off any dust or dirt particles. It should resolve the issue for you.
Check the Motherboard for Burnt Marks/Smell
If your laptop randomly restarts then it is possible that some component on your laptop’s motherboard is shortcircuited or damaged. You can simply open your laptop and check the motherboard for any burnt marks or smells. If there is something black or seems burnt, take your laptop to a technician who can fix it.
Check for Malware
Viruses are one of the top culprits if your laptop shuts down randomly. They can severely harm your laptop. While the built-in Windows Defender is great, there is no harm in installing third-party antivirus software. It will help you eliminate any possible virus on your laptop and possibly fix this issue.
Note: If you see that your laptop just started to shut down randomly right after you installed antivirus or antimalware software, just uninstall it immediately.
Check the Battery
If your laptop is quite old and then its battery capacity might be compromised. A poor battery can’t handle intense tasks and as a result, your laptop shuts down randomly.
As a user, you have two choices here. Either you can take out the old battery cell and replace it with a new one.
If your laptop is modular and the battery comes out easily then you can also take out the battery and run your laptop directly through the adapter.
Install The Latest Graphics Drivers
The Graphics Card drivers are one of the main culprits for this error. You can resolve the issue by simply uninstalling the graphics drivers and then reinstalling the latest version of them. Here is how to do it:
- Open the Windows search bar, type “Device Manager” and hit enter.
- Now expand Display adapters. Right-click on the Graphics card driver and then click on “Uninstall device”.
- Here, check the option for “Delete the driver software for this device”. Finally, click on Uninstall.
Once the drivers are uninstalled, you can go to your Graphics Card manufacturers site and download the graphics drivers from there:
Upon downloading the drivers, you can simply install them on your computer, and then this issue should go away.
If your BIOS firmware is outdated then it can cause your laptop to shut down randomly. You can update your laptop’s BIOS easily. Just go to your laptop manufacturer’s driver download site and download the latest BIOS drivers. Upon downloading, you can simply install them and update your BIOS.
Check RAM for Errors
Having a faulty RAM chip on your laptop can cause this issue. Although there are a lot of RAM tests that you can perform, this is the simplest one:
- Open the Run dialog box by pressing the “Windows+R” keys
- Type “mdsched.exe” and hit enter.
- Now choose the option asking to Restart the PC.
If there is some problem with your RAM then this test will show it.
Reset Your PC
Resetting your PC is the last resort if none of the methods work. Before doing it, you should take a backup of your important files and data. Here is how to do it:
- Open the Search Bar, type “Reset this PC” and hit enter.
- Now click on Get Started under the “Reset this PC” option.
- Follow all the on-screen instructions and select the “Keep my files” option while resetting.
Conclusion on Laptop Keeps Shutting Off
That was all about how to fix if the laptop shuts down randomly not overheating. You can try all of the above methods on your laptop. We hope that this guide helps you resolve the issue. In case of any difficulty, feel free to reach out to us.